2014年11月1日 星期六

Vocabulary Teaching V4

Participants: Some 17 year-old night time schoolers. All of them are male, working in a gas station with me. (see issues 4)

Materials :

  1. 字彙來源是三民版本的高一上課本。
  2. 不會直接採用跟加油站有相關的事物,原因是受試者也不想,且用途太過侷限。
  3. 單字片語手冊(遠東)
  4. Vocabulary 2001~4000 (三民)

tags: learning style, vocabulary, Gestalt theory, recall, story board, picture story assisted learning

unsolved issues:

  1. Most Gestalt test (MPD) are for elementary children (Bender-Gestalt test, functioning IQ, WAIS IQ test)
  2. I did not find as much Gestalt papers as I thought I would.
  3. lack of proper comic strips 教材欠缺 (also there’s copyright issue if I use Marvel comic dirctly…)  (已經找到不少story board)
  4. 欠缺同質性高的測試群體,加油站同事的數量也不足(我現在也不適合回去找板中高一生。)




(如果我自己畫圖,可以考慮採用 https://www.storyboardthat.com/

  1. 不用了,我開始找現成的漫畫,但不知道要看多少才能撈到一個需要的
  2. 要有原始的英文對話框,然後我把他們塗白。(我發現對話用到的字太簡單了,我反而需要的是描述場景、物品和氣氛的字,但找到適合的漫畫並不容易。美漫的分鏡雖然適合,但內容並不適合)
  3. 用story board可能更適合,然後找個大家都看過的或經典文學改編的,比如…白鯨記 或 海底兩萬里 或魯賓遜漂流記
  4. 原本是想作Gestalt的測試,但找到story board以後卻又發現這種模式並非Gestalt測試的通常狀態。所以現在可以分成兩種,一種是比較靜態的連環圖,比較偏向Gestalt測試。另一種是比較動態的連環圖(但一樣要慎選)。Heartline_Storyboard-2
  5. 關於我找到的連環圖片。可以看這個資料夾 https://www.dropbox.com/sh/4nedp51nsd9hhi4/AACwq3j3lfYnpZvELSI0lR_Na?dl=0
  6. 我找到另一個關鍵字:story board star wars。因為星際大戰這個電影系列有很多經典的story board可以看,甚至有書可以買。舉例來說 http://www.amazon.com/Star-Wars-Storyboards-Original-Trilogy/dp/1419707744  還有 http://www.amazon.com/Star-Wars-Storyboards-Prequel-Trilogy/dp/1419707728 
  7. Star Wars的太多了太複雜…可能要留待之後再來使用。現階段先使用一般的就好。

但是根據我的實驗設計,使用Gestalt theory可能是用前者比較適合,因為我可以確保我的連環圖片符合這些字的真實使用場景正確。目前我有兩個方式,隨意找出A-Z裡任何單元的單字來畫圖,或是先拿A字部的unit 1。

pre-exercise (this is only for pre-exercise)(拿我們上課用的跑步漫畫,圖片此處略去):


words class meanings
starter n. 鳴槍員
starting line n. 起跑線
track n. 跑道
running shoes n. 跑鞋
shorts n. 短褲
competitor n. 競爭者
runner n. 跑者
stadium n. 體育館
spectator n. 觀眾
startled a. 驚訝的
get ready phr. 準備好
run a race phr. 參加賽跑
fire a gun phr. 鳴槍
start a race phr. 開始(一場)比賽
cheer a person on phr. 為(某人)加油



exercise (test)

  controlled experimental 1 experimental 2
word list provided. As in table.1 No (hinted first, later guiding them to describe the words  needed) yes. As in controlled group
pictures no yes yes
importance rating (by students) not necessary yes yes
importance rating (by instructor) yes yes yes
testing the “top 10” words yes yes yes
recall word spealling scoring yes yes yes




a2427e63d72ecf93d9301b1ee609cb3e-d4sy8ve Spiderman2 Storyboard_by_punktlos



b599_or_tvc_storyboard_opa-293  Heartline_Storyboard-2 MeghanCorbett-Storyboard Pre_Storyboard_Yakult_01.


Star Wars 組(先放幾張展示一下,留待以後進一步使用)

9781419707728.IN04 Retro-Star-Wars-Fan-Illustrations-21 star-wars-episode-i-storyboard-image-6-600x259

After participants watch these pictures, they shall produce some concepts and objects that they need/are interested to know. I would just take 2nd pic in group static as an example.

words class meaning
alone adj, adv 孤獨的
depression n. 憂鬱、抑鬱
periodically adv 週期性地
remind v 提醒
check in with sb. phr. 看看某人近況
feel disconnected phr. 感覺和其他人疏離
support v. 支持的、支援的
system n. 系統

These are words used in the story board. The participants do not realize these words as they read the comics. But we will provide them with the translation later on. The control group is the only group that learn these words without the pictures (story board).


  controlled experimental
spelling recall test y y
story recall test y y
word-recognition y y
multiple-choice y y
L1 translation y y



  1. Nilsen, A., & Nilsen, D. F. (2003). A new spin on teaching vocabulary: A source-based approach. Reading Teacher, 56(5), 436-439. 本記錄固定連結 (固定連結): http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=507807028&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live (這才是我要的東西,學單字不應該是字母排列的)
  2. http://www.familycenterweb.org/images/downloads/RLAC110614-v073014.pdf
  3. http://www.uisd.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/the-road-to-reading-success-elementary-school-years.pdf
  4. Aaronson, B. S., & Welsh, G. S. (1953). On a relation between Bender-gestalt recall and Shipley-Hartford scores. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 988. doi:10.1002/1097-4679(195301)9:1<85::AID-JCLP2270090130>3.0.CO;2-6    本記錄固定連結 (固定連結): http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=520126680&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live (常見的Bender test無法被證實和IQ有關系,但應該可提供線索給其他未知因素)
  5. Gross, A. G. (2008). The Brains in Brain: The Coevolution of Localization and its Images. Journal Of The History Of The Neurosciences, 17(3), 380-392. doi:10.1080/09647040701423705  本記錄固定連結 (固定連結): http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=33158258&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live
  6. Sczechowicz, E., & Hinrichsen, J. J. (1980). Effects of Instructional Set on Bender Recall Performance of Learning Disabled and Normal Children. Journal Of Personality Assessment, 44(5), 465-69.   本記錄固定連結 (固定連結): http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ237848&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live (測試「好的記憶能力」和IQ之間的關係)
  7. Armentrout, J. (1976). Bender Gestalt recall: memory measure or intelligence estimate. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 32(4), 832-834.   本記錄固定連結 (固定連結): http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cmedm&AN=977749&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live (這篇應該比較適合,有詳細的各方面能力如字彙和數字能力測定)